WHAT IS UMBILICAL HERNIA?
In the mother's womb, the veins feeding the baby enter the body in the navel. Therefore, the umbilical region is considered to be a congenital weak spot throughout all adult life.
Göbek bölgesinin içinden veya hemen yakınından gelişen fıtıklar göbek fıtığı (umbilikal herni) olarak adlandırılmaktadır.
WHO IS THE UMBILICAL HERNIA CONFERRED?
The umbilical hernia can be of any age and gender, but it is most commonly seen in overweight women who have given birth and complaints often start in the postnatal period.
In addition, any situation that increases the pressure in the abdomen can prepare the ground for the hernia. For example;
- Chronic cough and constipation
- Heavy work or heavy sports
- Overweight or rapid weight loss
- Excessive birth
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF THE UMBILICAL HERNIA?
Often, the cause of admission is swelling in the belly, formal disorder, outward curving and pain. The patients mostly consult the physician, knowing that they have a hernia.
However, in a group of patients, for any reason, a physical examination can also be noticed by the physician (flattening in the navel).
In the umbilical hernia, an abdominal tissue, called omentum, or small intestine is present. When the person is very hard or when he / she is standing for a long time, there is a pronounced swelling and pain. On the back, it is possible for the patient to push the swelling with his hand.
In some cases, however, the swelling does not regress and the pain becomes more severe. Redness on the skin in the hernia area, in very advanced cases, bruising, blacking is seen accompanied by severe abdominal pain, non-toilet, nausea and vomiting are accompanied. This is urgent and the patient must be operated immediately. (It is thought that the compression and feeding of the organ within the hernia is impaired)
WHAT IS THE TREATMENT OF THE UMBILICAL HERNIA?
Surgical repair is the treatment of the hernia in the adult period. By open or closed method using the defect area patch at the bottom of the umbilicus, open organs are used to open the hernia sac.
After the hernia sac is reached, the organs inside the sac is returned to the abdomen and the opening area is closed with the sutures and the patch is placed on it.
The standard (prolene) patch does not come into contact with the internal organs and hardens in the area and prevents the hernia. In the closed (laparoscopic) method, three holes are opened from the abdomen and the hernia area is repaired from the inside. The patch placed inside is different from the ones used in open surgery.
These patches, called dual patches, are covered with a special material as they will come into contact with the intestines. The closed method is advantageous for postoperative pain, wound healing and rapid return to daily life.